Hair loss can be due to various factors, from the most common associated with seasonal fall that usually occurs in autumn and spring, the lack or deficiency of any vitamin, he stress, the arrival of menopause, or it can also be a consequence of a more complex cause associated with a health problem.
Before you start going crazy thinking that you are going to lose all your hair, you have to try to find the focus of the problem and see what is the cause of that loss.Determine the cause accurate is essential to know the proper treatment.
Reasons why hair falls out
Each hair has a scheduled life cycle: a growth phase, a transition phase and a resting phase. About the 85% of hair is always in the growth phase (anagen phase) and only about 14% in the resting phase (telogen phase).
When a imbalance in this proportion, that is, when the number of hairs that fall is greater that of those who they grow again, the visible hair loss.
The main causes of hair loss in women are:
Abnormal hair loss
It is normal to lose between 50 and 100 hairs every day, but if an excessive amount is lost there may be a problem. The medical term for this condition is known as telogen effluvium.
Some most common causes that can lead to excessive hair loss They are:
- Low iron, If, in addition to hair loss, you feel more tired than usual and it is difficult for you to concentrate, you may have a little anemia, it is best to go to the doctor and have an analysis to rule it out.
- Thyroid problems Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland, can contribute to hair loss.
- Diet. Lack of enough protein in the diet can affect hair growth. Remember that the main sources of protein are fish, meat, and eggs.
- Certain drugs such as some oral contraceptives, antidepressants, and some drugs used to treat hypertension.
- High levels of stress. Physical stress or emotional stress can increase an existing hair loss problem but not cause it. However, certain situations such as a divorce, the death of a loved one or overwork could cause it.
What to do: As with hair loss due to physical stress, this hair loss can decrease over time. While it's not known if stress reduction can help your hair, it doesn't hurt either. Take steps to combat stress and anxiety, such as exercising more, trying talk therapy, or getting more support if you need it.
- Maternity. The drop in hormones that occurs after childbirth is often the cause of hair loss. Hair will grow back in a couple of months.
- Hormonal changes. As with pregnancy, the hormonal changes that occur with the use of oral contraceptives and in the menopause They can also cause telogen effluvium, or what is the same, excessive hair loss.
Alopecia areata is a autoimmune disease that affects 2% of the world population. Most patients who develop alopecia areata lose hair in small circular areas.
Some people lose all of the hair on the scalp (alopecia totalis), and in rarer situations, people may lose hair all over the body (alopecia universalis).
The specific cause of alopecia areata is currently unknown, but it appears to have a strong genetic component, even though most people with this condition do not have a family history. It seems that what is inherited is an increased tendency to develop an autoimmune disease.
The steroid lotions and injectionsAs well as immunosuppressive drugs are prescribed in these cases.
One of the most common causes of hair loss in women is what is known asandrogenetic alopecia, because hair loss follows a male pattern. It is caused by a combination of genes and male sex hormones.
It usually begins to manifest itself between the ages of 30 and 40, although sometimes it can start much earlier and usually follows a pattern in which the hair recedes at the temples, leaving a M-shaped hairline.
To alleviate hair loss caused by genetic factors, topical treatments such as minoxidil and oral medications such as finasteride. Its function is to stop hair loss and make hair grow.
- Hair changes during pregnancy
- Why does hair fall out in menopause?
- Why does hair fall out after childbirth?